A fuel with a big future
Wood pellets have already been manufactured in the USA and Canada since 1980. Pellets appeared on the market in Austria and Scandinavia for the first time in 1990. Since 2000 this fuel has also started to establish itself in Germany and continues to increase in popularity
Fossil fuel resources are limited and the sharp increase in global demand is a legitimate cause for concern. The negative effects on climate as a result of extraction, transportation and use of fossil fuels have meanwhile been proven beyond doubt by many respected scientists. We all face the challenge of actively participating to change energy sources now. Against a background of global increases in the prices of fossil energy sources, the use of biomass continues to acquire ever increasing significance. This presents a massive opportunity: The domestic raw material, wood has an important part to play as a renewable energy source. This source of energy is increasingly popular in its modern form of wood pellets. True to the motto: "No power on earth can stop an idea whose time has come."
Heating with wood pellets is not only environmentally friendly, but also convenient, because thanks to simple handling, wood pellets are able to compete with all other forms of energy. Furthermore as a result of utilizing this fuel, numerous local employment opportunities are created. The extremely dynamic growth of pellet heating confirms that the advantages of heating with pellets are becoming obvious to increasing numbers of people.
What are pellets?
Wood pellets are small standardized cylindrical pressed bodies of dried and natural wood shavings and sawmill residuals. They have a calorific value of around 5 kWh/kg, an oil equivalent of approx. 2.16 kg/l or 3.33 l/l OE as well as a bulk density of 650 kg/Sm³. The energy content of one kilogramme of pellets is therefore equal to half a litre of oil. A standard pellet is 2 to 5 cm long with a diameter of 6 to 10 mm. In German-speaking markets pellets are generally sold with a diameter of 6 mm and a length of 3 to 4 cm.